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What is Marketing Mix?

What is Marketing Mix?

The marketing mix is the set of controllable, tactical marketing tools that a company uses to produce the desired response from its target market. 

It consists of everything that a company can do to influence demand for its product. 

It is also a tool to help marketing planning and execution.

Your marketing mix is the combination of elements that play a role in promoting and delivering your products and services to consumers or clients. 

In essence, it’s about putting your product or service in the right place at the right time for the right price.

What is the marketing mix?

Marketing mix refers to the combination of marketing strategies that a business uses to reach its target market.

A marketing Mix is a set of marketing tools or tactics, used to promote a product or service in the market and sell it. 

It is about positioning a product and deciding it sells in the right place, at the right price, and at the right time. 

The product will then be sold, according to marketing and promotional strategy. 

The components of the marketing mix consist of 4Ps Product, Price, Place, and Promotion. 

In the business sector, the marketing managers plan a marketing strategy taking into consideration all the 4Ps. 

However, nowadays, the marketing mix increasingly includes several other Ps for vital development.

A marketing mix is a remarkable tool for creating the right marketing strategy and its implementation through effective tactics. 

The assessment of the roles of your product, promotion, price, and place plays a vital part in your overall marketing approach. 

Whereas the marketing mix strategy goes hand in hand with positioning, targeting, and segmentation. And at last, all the elements, included in the marketing mix and the extended marketing mix, have an interaction with one another.

The 4Ps of the marketing mix

The 4Ps marketing mix concept (also known as the 4ps of marketing) was introduced by Jerome McCarthy in his book: “Basic Marketing: A Managerial Approach”.

Initially 4, these elements were the product, price, place, and promotion, which were later expanded by including people, packaging, and process. These are now considered to be the “7 Ps” mix elements. 

In this blog, we are only going to stick with the 4ps.

It is important to clarify here the reason why these 4Ps of the marketing mix are all strategized and executed in total synchronization, and they are considered ingredients of the perfect marketing campaign. 

The reason is that each element has a pivotal role, and there’s a huge overlap in the interaction between various components of the marketing mix. 

Decisions of none of the elements happen in complete isolation without considering their impact on other interconnected components of the mix.

  • Product

What you are selling. It could be a physical product that you are selling through a physical store or a service that you are selling through a digital medium like a website.

Firstly, You need to identify what customers want within your target market and how your product fulfills their needs or wants.

Secondly, you must remember that you are not alone selling the product, but you can make it look unique, and that is your creativity. 

Hence, the choice of your marketing mix must factor in the competitor’s strategy and must develop counter-attacking solutions as well.

To achieve this effectively, however, a lot of hard work needs to go into finding out what customers want, and identifying where they do their shopping.

thirdly, you need to figure out how to produce the item at a price that represents value to them, and get it all to come together at the critical time.

Whether you’ve been in business for decades or just starting, having a great product is good, but that’s not all there is to make sales. 

Finding the right price, knowing where your ideal audience hangs out, and promoting strategy is essential to seeing a lot of sales.

Creating a marketing campaign starts with an understanding of the product itself. 

Who needs it, and why? What does it do that no competitor’s product can do? 

Perhaps it’s a new thing altogether and is so compelling in its design or function that consumers will have to have it when they see it.

Even if your product is intangible, such as an insurance policy or consulting service, it should still stand out in the marketplace either because it does something that nothing else in the market does, or because it is better than other solutions available in the market.

  • Promotion

Promotion refers to all the activities undertaken to make the product or service known to the customer. 

Promotion is the communication component of the marketing mix. 

It is opening a channel for conversation with your target market. 

Through promotion, the goal is to attract the customer’s attention and provide enough information about the product to build interest and motivate them to purchase.

You might use an Instagram campaign, a public relations campaign, advertising placement, an email campaign, or some combination of all of these to reach the right audience in the right place.

Note that promotion isn’t synonymous with marketing. 

Promotion focuses on how you communicate your product to people. 

Marketing consists of more than promotion, as the 4 Ps of marketing show, and promotion needs to be thought of in tandem with the other Ps.

  • Price

Price is simple, it refers to how much you charge for your product or service.

Although it’s simple to understand, it’s really hard to come up with the “right” price. 

The one that doesn’t just drive the most amount of sales but also drives the most profit.

When coming up with your pricing strategy, you also need to think about what competitors are charging for the same product or service and how much customers are willing to pay. 

Pricing decisions should be taken with great care, as it is a double-edged sword. If your product is priced too high, it may exude a feeling of high quality. 

At the same time, it will make your product placed in limited and standard stores. So the marketer must know the art of wielding this dangerous sword of pricing.

Checking how much your competitor charges gives you a good sense of how many potential customers are willing to pay for similar products. 

Combine that with the perceived value of your product—in other words, what you want your price to imply about your product. 

Are you a luxury, standard, or budget option?

You need to gauge the overall organizational goals and align your mix to facilitate the company’s goals as well for example. 

If your company is looking for broad market penetration with the new product, you need to select the pricing, the people, the promotional strategy, and the distribution method accordingly.

Try asking “why” and “what if” questions too, to challenge your offer. For example, ask why your target audience needs a particular feature. 

What if you drop your price by 5 percent? What if you offer more colors? Why sell through wholesalers rather than direct channels? What if you improve PR rather than rely on online advertising?

The price of your product also influences brand positioning, or the way users perceive your product, as well as their more rational cost-benefit analyses. 

If your product is underpriced, consumers may question its effectiveness or think that it’s too good to be true. 

On the other hand, if you price your product too high, especially compared to similar products from competitors, consumers may wonder if the price is fair. 

Unless you are an established legacy brand, you’ll find it hard to sell a product, even big brands have to keep an eye on current trends or be left behind.

Pricing is one of the four main elements of the marketing mix because it is the only revenue-generating element in the marketing mix. 

Deciding on a suitable price point is important, but so is the perceived value. 

  • Place

“Place” is another word for location. As they say in marketing, it’s all about location, location, location.

You need to determine where you will sell your product or service. 

This includes deciding which channels to use either you should sell through a physical store or through a website or whether to sell through intermediaries, large third-party retailers like Amazon, or go directly to the consumer.

Remember that not every place makes sense for every product. 

Making the products accessible to potential customers sounds obvious, but again it’s a case of knowing your target audience and placing your product in the places they like to shop. 

The distribution channel can also be dictated by product type and budget.

For example, if your target market is seniors, then it won’t make sense to market on TikTok. 

It’s important to choose the right places to market your product and meet your customers where they’re at.

Try asking yourself -about your customer’s whereabouts like, Where is your customer? Is your customer buys your product online or offline? Do you sell directly to businesses or consumers?

Much like price, finding the right place to market and sell your product is a key factor in reaching your target audience.

If you put your product in a place that your target customer doesn’t visit, whether online or offline, then you will likely not meet your sales target. 

The right place, meanwhile, can help you connect with your target audience and set you up for success.

If you operate a physical store, it’s unlikely that customers will come from far away to buy your product. 

Generalized marketing methods will always be effective, but you may get a greater return on investments in local SEO, advertising in town newspapers, and co-sponsoring community events.

If you are selling something locals would buy, the local newspaper can be a good option for ad placement. 

When selling a product anyone in the country can buy, you should consider placing ads in a few national magazines or on television to reach more people. 

The role of the marketing mix in business

All the elements of the marketing mix influence each other. 

They make up the business plan for a company and handled it right, which can give it great success.

But handled wrong and the business could take years to recover. 

The marketing mix needs a lot of understanding, market research, and consultation with several people, from users to trade to manufacturing and several others.

By paying attention to the four components of the marketing mix, a business can maximize its chances of a product being recognized and bought by customers.

Marketing Mix provides a thoughtfully designed blend of strategies and practices a company uses to drive business and successful product promotion. 

The marketing mix can be applied to all types of products and services and it encompasses all key aspects of selling them. 

Irrespective numbers, constitute the heart of marketing decisions from the angle of the marketer. 

Since it is based on the marketing concept, consumers can not be forgotten. 

Developing your marketing mix and integrating it into your marketing essentials is an important factor.

As you develop your marketing mix, consider how each element affects the rest to create a unified brand experience for your consumers, from the user experience to the perceived value of your product. 

Think about how a product’s price changes its promotion strategy, how specifications will contribute to pricing, and how your people carry out processes. 


Every business needs its very own marketing mix to appeal to its customers. These key elements are involved in planning and marketing a product or service, and they interact significantly with each other. Considering all of these elements is one way to approach a holistic marketing strategy.

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6 thoughts on “What is Marketing Mix?”

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